Want to take better photos? No problem. With tricks and tips, your photos will turn out even better than you could ever imagine. Even in the digital age the classic rules from decades ago haven’t changed. Take a look at these simple tips to dramitically up your photography game.
1. When the sun is shining, use aperture eight.
This aperture setting is usually the best compromise for saving image details in bright light. Automatic exposure programs are sometimes weaker in this discipline and distort the colors.
2. Photograph motion with open aperture
This rule applies to objects in motion. The more open the aperture (= small f-number), the shorter the shutter speed. This way, the motion does not blur, but can be frozen.
3. Open aperture creates a blurred background
The more open the aperture, the shallower the depth of field, which blurs the background beautifully. This is also true: If you use aperture 2.8, the bokeh appears in true splendor.
4 Closed aperture = great depth of field
The depth of field increases the larger the f-number is chosen (i.e. the “smaller”, i.e. more closed, the aperture is). Values above 8 to 11 make it possible to focus not only on the foreground. It should be noted that the shutter speed or ISO number must be increased.
5. Take advantage of the golden hour
The so-called golden hour of photography occurs twice a day, in the hour after sunrise and in the hour before sunset. This means that the sun is low, bathing everything in orange-reddish light, causing long shafts and simply creating a beautiful atmosphere. The sun, “the photographers little helper”.
6. Don’t shoot during midday
The bright midday sun is often avoided by photographers, because the strong light can swallow dark parts of the picture and burn out bright ones. So take a siesta to get back to work later, more rested and in better lighting conditions.
7. Don’t forget about the blue hour!
In the hour of sunset, the sky is particularly blue. The contrasts are softened and the light has a particularly beautiful mood. Afterwards, the following applies: Almost night already? Then use aperture 2.8. Oh yes, beautiful mood is usually the best indicator to reach for the camera. The trick is then to transfer the beautiful mood to the picture.
8. Don’t overuse flash
Opposites seem to attract even with simple rules, because: If there is no sun shining through the cracks, you have to flash immediately. But be careful with the direct flash, otherwise the faces will be overexposed in contrast to the background.
9. The angle of view matters
Sometimes it’s better to change sides, look for a higher point or even get down on your knees to get a good image detail. A good image composition is sometimes also the art of omission.
10. The background is just as important
As a rule, the background of a picture should be calm and not too colorful, otherwise it distracts the viewer from the actual subject. For landscape shots, the rule applies in reverse, because to give depth to the shots, the phrase is true there: foreground makes picture healthy.
11. Shoot in RAW
If your digital camera can save images in RAW format, i.e. uncompressed, you should use this. This makes it much easier to post-process your images later on the computer. Many smartphone cameras are also now capable of shooting RAW.